|Price per item:||$3.25|
|Location:||Idaho, United States|
|Seller Feedback:||DarcyFromTheForest (62)|
This plant, indigenous to America, is a perennial 6 to 10 inches high, with a tuberous root. The flowers are peculiar things, much like the garden bleeding hearts to which they are closely related. However, they lack the color of the cultivated Dicentra and bear flowers that are mostly white with a bit of yellow. And they are shaped like an old-fashioned pair of knickers. It blooms in early spring (often in March) having from six to nineteen nodding flowers. The root or tuber is small and round and should be collected only when the plant is in flower. Dutchman’s britches grows in rich soil on hills and mountains. The tubers are tawny yellow-colored, the color being a distinctive character. The rind of the tuber is black with a white inside, and when dried, turns brownish-yellow, and under the microscope is full of pores. It has also a peculiar faint odor, the taste at first slightly bitter, then followed by a penetrating taste. Dutchman's breeches are widespread in the northern United States from the Atlantic to the Dakotas and Kansas, and out along the Columbia River in Washington, Idaho, and Oregon.
Dicentra cucullaria - The generic name is from the Greek kentron, meaning point with the prefix di- signifying two, referring to the two points or spurs of the flowers (the legs of the breeches). The species name is from the Latin cucullus, which means a hood or cowl, the shape of the flower; cucullate means shaped like a hood. Their root structure consists of yellow nodules that look like kernels of corn, often eaten by squirrels.
Dutchman’s Britches root contains an alkaloid that depresses the central nervous system - it is used in the treatment of paralysis and tremors, as well as treating and repairing nerve damage.
Constituents: The amount of alkaloids in the dried tubers is about 5 per cent; they have been found to contain corydalin, fumaric acid, yellow bitter extractive, an acrid resin and starch. The constituents of the drug have not been exactly determined, but several species of the closely allied genus Corydalis have been carefully studied and C. tuberosa, cava and bulbosa have been found to yield the following alkaloids: Corycavine, Bulbocapnine and Corydine; Corydaline is a tertiary base, Corycavine is a difficult soluble base; Bulbocapnine is present in largest amount and was originally called Corydaline. Corydine is a strong base found in the mother liquor of Bulbocapnine and several amorphous unnamed bases have been found in it. All these alkaloids have narcotic action. Protopine, first isolated from opium, has been found in several species of Dicentra.